Oldtimer picture gallery. Trucks. ZIS-5.
Years of production: 1933 - 1935 - 1941, 1942 - 1955 (- 1958)
Overall production: about million units (all plants) (from V 1942 to V 1945 - appr. 83000 units, 6500 from them - in Ulianovsk)
ZiS produced 532311 trucks of this model since 1933 to 1948.
4x2 3-ton cargo truck (from 1950 - (Ural)ZiS-5M)
Engine: carburettor liquid-cooled 73hp/2300rpm (from I 1944 - 76hp/2400rpm, from early 1950's - 85hp), 6-cyl. SV, 4-stroke, 5557cc, weight - 434 kg
Bore/Stroke: 101,6/114,3 mm
Compression ratio: 4.6:1 (from I 1944 - 5,3 : 1, from early 1950's - 5,7 :1)
Length: 6060mm (with bumper), width: 2235mm, height: 2160mm (unloaded)
Wheelbase: 3810mm, rear axle clearance: 250mm
Front wheel track: 1545mm (1525mm?)
Rear track: 1675mm
Front wheels regulation data: toe-in - 4-7 mm by tyres, camber - 11/2o,
side caster - 71/2o, caster - -11/2o
Maximal angle of wheel turn - 34o
Turning radius: 8,6 m (by front wheel track), 8,9 m (by fender)
Battery type and voltage: 3ST-112, 6 V, charge current from generator, A: 10-12 summer, 12-14 winter
Carburettor: MKZ-6 (from I 1944 - MKZ-6V)
Oil filter with changeable felt elements, inserted in consecutive order into oiling system.
(Oil change - after every 1200 km).
After the war - slot-type oil filter ASFO-3 (Automobile SuperFilter Otstoynik (Sedimentor)), height 135mm, diameter - 88mm.
(Change of filter elements of ASFO-3 - after every 1000-1500 km under normal conditions)
Clutch: dry twin plate
Gearbox: 4 speeds without synchronizers
Gearbox ratios: I - 6,60, II - 3,74, III - 1,84, IV - 1,0, rear - 7,63
Cardan: Spicer - 1 shaft, 2 hinges
Differential type: twin reductor, bevel and spur gears
Number of teeth on primary gear: small bevel 9, big bevel 21.
Number of teeth on secondary gear: small spur 16, big spur 44.
Differential ratio: 6,41
Number of differential satellites: 4
Semiaxles of unloaded type
Semielliptical longitudinal leaf springs on both axles
Front springs: length 1015 mm, leaf width 63 mm, number of leafs 11
Rear springs: length 1370 mm (additional 964 mm), leaf width 76 mm, number of leafs 11 + 5 additional.
Steering type: screw-pin
Mechanical all-wheels shoe brakes (since 1949 - hydraulical)
Hand shoe brake to rear wheels
Weight (unloaded): 3100 kg (to front axle - 1300, to rear axle - 1800)
Maximal speed: 60 km/h (from early 1950's - 70 km/h)
Disk wheels with dismountable rim
Tyres: 34x7 or 9,00x20 (post-war) inches, admittable change for 36x8.
Normal inner pressures in tyres, atm +/- 0,2 atm (1950):
tyres 34x7: front - 5,00, rear - 5,75; tyres 9,00x20: front - 3,25, rear - 4,00
Number of carcas layers of tyre: 10
Norm of tyre mileage (1950): 30 000 km.
When change tyres for larger size (from 34x7 to 9,00x20) insert washers between twin naves of rear axle to keep the gap.
Tyre compressor working from intermediate shaft of gearbox
Fuel tank capacity: 60 L (under the seat, since 1950 - on the left side under the cargo platform)
Octal number of gasoline: 55 - 60
Fuel consumption: 34.0 L/100km
Brake trace: 10 m
Ford depth: 0,6 m
Maximal climbing angle with load: 14-15o
Trailer weight: 3,5 ton (trailer APU (2-axle 2-ton, ?-1940-?) or P3V (?-1943-?))
Norms of mileage before thorough repair, in 1000km (road class): 85 (asphalt), 80 (road-metal), 70 (boulder),
60 (ground with admixtures), 50 (natural)
Service norms, in man/hour (1950): daily - 1,8, TS-1 - 6,0, TS-2 - 25,0, thorough repair - 590,0
Sources of photos:
Russian State Archive of Photomaterials,
Archive of Denis Orlov, Moscow,
Za Rulyom magazine, Russia,
Automobile history books by Lev Shugurov, Russia,
Bart Vanderveen "Historic Military Vehicles Directory", "After the Battle" publication, 1989.
1938 ZiS-5 on the photos was restored by enthusiasts of Military-Historical Club RKKA, Moscow.
ZIS-5 takes its origin from american Autocar truck. In 1931 AMO (Automobil Moscow Obshchestvo (Enterprise)) was rebuilt and began to produce trucks under mark AMO-2 (looks similar to ZIS-5). AMO-2 substituted the first soviet truck AMO-F15. Soon AMO-2 was improved, and new models AMO-3 and AMO-4 appeared. In 1933 AMO was rebuilt again and renamed into ZIS (Zavod imeni Stalina, Plant of Stalin's name) and in Summer first prototypes appeared and since October 1 of 1933 ZIS start serial production of famous ZIS-5, which together with GAZ-AA became main truck of 1930-50's. In 1934 first export batch of 100 ZiS-5 was shipped to Turkey, and this was the begining of Soviet automobile export history. In 1935 the label on radiator was modified. People who investigated ZIS-5 told that real power of engine was less than proclaimed in official documents and equal to 67-68hp. By June 20 of 1941 Red Army had 104200 ZiS-5 trucks. In the autumn of 1941 the production line was stopped and ZIS was moved to Ulianovsk and to Ural (to Miass, Chelyabinsk region), where since 8 VII 1944 new UralZIS plant began to produce this truck. Ulianovsk plant UASZIS produced ZIS-5 from February 1942 to 1944. Already in April 1942 Moscow ZIS restart to produce these trucks also and continued until 1948. UralZIS fitted the truck radiators with own label and produced them till 1955. Beginning from late 1941 all ZIS-5 trucks have got flat fenders and some wooden parts: doors, seats etc.. Bumpers disappeared forever. In war years right headlight disappeared also. In 1947 - 1948 in parallel with new ZIS-150 Moscow plant made ZIS-50 (ZIS-5 with new engine). In 1955 UralZIS modified ZIS-5. It got new engine and oval form fenders, different from pre-war ones. This new model received index UralZIS-355 or ZIS-355. From 1958 to 1965 UralZIS-355M had already modern type cabin. ZIS-5 served also as base for many special trucks. After GAZ-AA it was 2nd place main truck in Red Army in 1933-1943. But if GAZ-AA went a little onto second roles with intensive growth of Lend Lease trucks shipping in 1943-1944, ZIS-5 remained one of main carriers of war loads. People called it "Tryohtonka" for its 3-ton payload.
Small help table to understand year by chassis numbers, taken from own observations:
Year Chassis numbers
1938 32149, 33176, 63487, 63533
1945 572305, 583682
1946 592301, 593057, 605939, 611759, 612488, 626457, 634891, 637527
1947 677048, 677927, 678128, 678606, 680149, 681301, 684649
1948 691189, 693238, 700748
1952 101052, 118291, 118841, 124854, 125101
1954 160893, 160943
1955 186307, 186756, 186773, 187868, 202720, 202934, 202984
Hence, if to admit, that numbers go from zero (and don't continue AMO-3 number row),
that number row wasn't interrupted or reset in the middle of production, that
these are numbers for ZiS-5 only, not for all modifications, using these chassis (although their number was
relatively small), we can estimate, that Moscow produced 701...716 thousands, Ural - some 203 thousands,
Ulianovsk - about 6500 units, so approximately 918 thousands of ZiS-5 totally, possibly including other models.
If you have to add, ask or correct me, you are welcome to write me by E-mail Contact. Andrei Bogomolov.
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Last updated 13 II 2000.