Oldtimer picture gallery. Cars. Opel-Olympia 13237.
Opel-Olympia (Model 13237)
Years of production: IV 1935 - XII 1937
Overall production: 81661
4x2, 4-seater chassis-less body
Body modifications (prices in Reichsmarks):
2-door 4-light limousine (since XI 1935, body symbol - LZ, 2500 RM) (more often),
4-door 6-light limousine (LV, missing in any Opel literature, but I saw one! Possibly this was mixture of OL38 and 13237),
2-door 4-light cabriolimousine (CL) (more rare than limousines),
Engine: 24hp/3300rpm (1937 - 29hp/3300rpm), 4-cyl 4-stroke SV, 1288cc
Length: 3930mm, width: 1430mm, height: 1540mm
Wheelbase: 2370mm, clearance: 190mm
Front wheel track: 1092mm; toe-in: 2.4mm; camber: 0o45'; caster: 12.6mm on special Opel instrument
Rear track: 1168mm
Turning radius: 6.35m
Bore/Stroke: 67.5/90.0 mm
Pistons type: AC, Nelson-Bonalite
Cool clearance between tappet and valve stem: intake - 0.20mm, exhaust - 0.25mm
Compression ratio: 6:1
Carburettor: Opel, downdraft vertical, 2 types
Dimensions (in mm and conditional units):
diffusor - 19/19mm; main jet - 26/26cu;
sprayer jet - 38/38cu; idling jet (sprayer
tube/calibrated hole) - 45/36cu/70/36cu;
accelerator jet - 50/50cu; between float's
top and bottom of float chamber lid -
Air filter: oil bath type (metal shavings, moisturized by oil)
Ignition system: battery (Bosch, 6V), battery capacity - 70 A*h
Interrupter-distributor type: VE4-ALS 207; contact clearance: 0.4 - 0.5 mm
Generator type and power: DE/6AR7; 90W
Starter type and power: CG 0.6/6BRS 37P; 0.6hp
Spark plugs type: DM 95/0; 18mm; electrode clearance: 0.7 - 0.8 mm
Cylinder firing order: for engines N:o 1 - 16666: 1-2-4-3, from N:o 16667: 1-3-4-2
Clutch: dry single plate with a spring dampers
Clutch pedal clearance: 25-30mm
Gearbox: engines N:o 1 - 20000: 3-speeds, straight teeth; engines N:o 20001 - 37-1: 3-speeds, oblique teeth; engines N:o 37-2 - the last: 4-speeds (1937 year)
Ratios: I - 3.52/3.52/3.91, II - 1.74/1.69/2.47, III - 1.00/1.00/1.49, IV - no/no/1.00, rear - 4.61/4.60/4.21
Differential ratio: 5.14, bevel gear with spiral tooth
Front suspension: independent, Dubonnet type
Rear suspension: whole axis of Banjo type with longitudinal semielliptical springs
Brakes: 1935-1936 mechanical, Bendix-Duoservo, 1937 - hydraulical all-wheels shoe brakes
Weight: 835kg (since 1937 - 853kg)
Maximal speed: 95 km/h
Tyres: 5.00-16 inches, 1935-1936 - 4-pin wheels without wholes, 1937 - 5-pin "artillery" wheels (with wholes)
Tyre pressures (atmospheres): front - 1.60, rear - 1.70 or 1.85 (if 4 passengers)
Fuel capacity: 28+5 L
Fuel consumption: 8.8 L/100km
Cooling system capacity: 6.5 L
Oil carter capacity: engine - 3.5 L; gearbox - 0.75(?) L; differential - 0.90 L
Pre-index of chassis and engine No:
Year Chassis Engine Chassis numbers I really met
1935 237- - 237-7774
1936 237- -
1937 237- 37- 237-41813, -62010
Productionnumbers by Eckhart Bartels:
Year 1935 1936 1937 Total
prod. 19117 37127 25417 81661
Sources of the photos:
http://www.netclassics.com/, thanks for help to Lars Hedström, Stockholm.
"Oldtimer Markt" magazine, Germany.
W.Schmarbeck/B.Fischer "Alle Opel Automobile", 1989, Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart.
Thanks for help to Martin Vorwahl, collector of oldtimer photos, Oldenburg, Germany and
Andrei Shihaev, Moscow.
The name "Olympia" originated in 1935 from future Berlin 1936 Olympiade, that is why the label of new model was famous ancient "Discus-thrower" sculpture. This car replaced Opel-1,3 Liter.
13237 - first two digits mean engine capacity in decilitres, the rest - wheelbase in cm.
Names of factory paints (by 1941 Catalog for both Olympias):
Schwarz (black), Marinetiefblau (sea depth blue), Hellsandgrau (light sandish-grey), Dunkelgrau (dark grey), Feldgrau (German khaki, which is more grey, than green), Atlantikgruen (Atlantic green), Mittelblau (middle blue), Dunkelrot (dark red), Opelbeige, Hellgrau (light grey), Mittelgruen (middle green), Graubeige (greyish-beige).
You are welcome to write me by E-mail Contact. Andrei Bogomolov.
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Last updated 20 XII 2000.